The land of Papua is still hit by conflict. Various approaches have been taken by the Government of Indonesia to bring about peace in the eastern part of Indonesia.
International Political and Conflict Resolution Analyst Adriana Elisabeth said that at the end of 2021 there will be new hope when the TNI will approach Papua in a humanistic manner, especially in dealing with armed separatist groups.
At the beginning of 2022, precisely since January 17, the Police began carrying out the Damai Cartenz operation in the Papua region along with the Rastra Samara Kasih (Rasaka) operation to maintain security in the Papua region.
“All these approaches certainly aim to support the development process in Papua, where the TNI and Polri have their respective roles,” she said, quoted on (26/1/2022).
The future of Papua until 2041, she said, is listed in the Papua Special Autonomy Law Number 2 of 2021 as a result of the revision of the 2001 Special Autonomy Law. Previously, there was also a Presidential Instruction (Inpres) Number 9 of 2020 to support the acceleration of development in Papua and West Papua. .
So far, she said, Papua is known to be very synonymous with conflict, so how should these various approaches be implemented there?
She explained that there are three approaches that can be taken, namely, first, uniting all approaches and implementing them in a synergistic, coordinating, and communicative way. One of the strengths in communicating is through a series of carefully prepared dialogues.
Second, peace and development are both important, but this alone is not enough, because there are humanitarian principles that need to be integrated because saving people affected by conflict is the main duty and responsibility of the state, and also the government, both in Papua as well as in Jakarta.
The three peace, development, humanity are designed to be a strategic step based on an understanding of the sensitivity of the conflict in Papua which includes the diversity of traditions and cultures, including perspectives and mindsets that influence Papuan interactions with others.
“Then the natural resource wealth of the Papua region, which tends to be a contest for many interests and has not been managed transparently, Papua’s land and forests are not ’empty land’ but are inhabited, where every inch of land is owned by every tribe or clan living in seven customary areas in Indonesia. throughout Papua,” she said.